Kakheti is a historical-geographical region in Eastern Georgia. Kakheti is one of the largest regions within Georgia.
- Kakheti is famous for its abundance of cultural monuments. Numerous churches - monasteries or castles attract the attention of tourists and excursionists. The most famous cultural monuments of Kakheti are: Ninotsminda, Bodbe, Khornabuji, Ujarma, Signagi, Gurjaani All Saints, Alaverdi, New and Old Shuamta, Ikalto, Gremi, Nekresi. Each church-monastery carries an old tradition, their nominal holidays are still valid today. This is the best factor for pilgrims or just for those interested in cultural tourism, the party has great potential for the development of wine tourism. History of Kakheti winemaking Ch. წ. It started in the III-II century AD and is still the most important branch of the region's economy.
Historical Geography - Kingdom of Kakheti in the XI century
- Kakheti today includes the inland and lower reaches of the Iori River and the Alazani River basin. Separate parts of Kakheti are called Garekakheti (middle year of the river Iori), Kiziki (between the lower reaches of the river Ivri and Alazani), Shignikakheti (right bank of the river Alazani) and Gaghmakhari (left bank of the river Alazani).
- The name "Kakheti" first appears in the old Georgian historical source - in the chronicle of "Moktseva Kartlis". According to the legend brought in the works of Leonti Mroveli, the ancestor of the Georgians Kartlos had five children - Mtskheta, Gardabos, Kakhos, Kukhos and Gachios. After the death of the father, the children inherited his estate. Kakhos has land and water "between the Caucasus and the Kakheti Mountains, from nowhere to the forest-lake, which is the border of Hereti." Historical Kakheti during its existence included a territory different from today.
Architecture of Kakheti
- Hall and domed churches are: Nekresi Monastery, Old Shuamta, Tskhrakari Monastery, Katsreti Trinity Church, Natkori Church, Kondoli Baptist Church, Khirsi Monastery, Akhmeta Deity, Vazisubani Church, Bodbe Monastery, Gori-Jvari, Alikvari Sam, Baykheli David Garejeli Church, Sanagire Church, Erzo Zion, Kardanakhi Sanctuary.
- Kakheti is one of the oldest centers of viticulture and winemaking. About 80 varieties of vines are common here.
- Kakheti is also known as Churchkheli. Walnuts, hazelnuts, raisins or raisins soaked in cotton thread are soaked in Tatar three times. This is how Churchkhela is made in Eastern Georgia and Janjukha in Western Georgia. Good churchkhela and janjukha last until spring. Churchkhela was one of the main food of Georgian pilgrims for centuries.
- Diplipito is a percussion instrument. It consists of two jars of clay of equal height (20-25 cm) and different diameters, on which are covered the skin of a cicada or a bullock. Variously painted jars are tied with string. Two small wooden sticks are played on the diplipito. To enhance the sound, the skins are heated over a fire.
- Unlike Kartli, in the late Middle Ages in Kakheti the general-agricultural (Temur) ownership of arable lands was significantly represented. Kakheti was a country of advanced agriculture. Viticulture and winemaking have reached a particularly high level of development in Kakheti. Rkatsiteli and Saperavi, as well as Manavi Green are especially common in today's market economy. Georgian wineries are mostly concentrated in Kakheti. Wine tourism works. The ethnographic life of Kakheti is characterized by such sweets as Churchkhela and Tatara. Livestock was especially developed in Kakheti. In this respect, the Pankisi Valley was famous for its rich forests, where pigs were richly fed. Silkworm breeding was also at a high level in Kakheti.
- There are six protected areas in Kakheti - Batsara, Babaneuri, Mariamjvari and Vashlovani nature reserves, Tusheti and Lagodekhi national parks. Each of them offers amazing nature monuments to nature lovers.
82 Church / Monastery in Kakheti
- Davitgareja, Akhmeta Lomisi St. St. George's Church, Khashmi (Katsareti) Trinity, Kardenakhi Sanctuary, Gremi, Alaverdi, Nekresi Monastery, Lashari Cross, Hirsi Monastery, Bodbe Monastery, etc.
Vine varieties - Kakheti
- Kakheti is a real pearl of our country in terms of winemaking. This region of Georgia is in the first place in terms of harvest, as well as the popularity of wine abroad and in Georgia. That is why Kakheti occupies a special place in our wine production.
- Although about 200 wine varieties are described in Kakheti alone, here is a description of the main varieties used in the modern production of Georgian wine today.
- This white grape variety belongs to the group of Kakheti vine varieties and is the most common in Georgia. In addition, it is widespread in other regions. Rkatsiteli grape juice maintains the desired sugar-acidity ratio from the beginning of physiological maturity until almost ripening. Reaches full maturity from mid-September to early October. The best microzones for Rkatsiteli are: Kardenakhi, Tibaani, Tsinandali, Gurjaani, Napareuli. High quality high quality classical and Kakhetian traditional wines are made from Rkatsiteli variety in Georgia, often used together with green Kakhetian.
- Georgian white grape vine variety, gives high quality European and Kakhetian type wine. Named for the yellowish-green color of ripe grains. 96% of the cultivated area is in Kakheti: 80% of the total area of this variety is covered only in two districts (Telavi and Sagarejo), the remaining 17% in the other 5 districts. Green is a high quality wine variety. In Kakheti white varieties, green gives the most delicate and aromatic wine. Green wine made according to European rules is greenish light beige, has a cheerful, gentle, harmonious taste. As it ages, it develops a bouquet characteristic of the variety, in which the fruity aroma is clearly felt.
- Georgian white grape vine variety. It belongs to the group of Kakheti vine varieties. It is of medium period, ripening in mid-September, in the second half of October. The classic type of wine made from khikhvi is characterized by the aroma of exotic plants, especially field flowers. Also today Khikhvi is put together with other varieties by traditional technology and quite successfully.
- Georgian white grape vine variety, widespread in Eastern Georgia. It is from the middle period. A few years ago the variety was threatened with extinction, and now it has become one of the most important grape varieties. The best microzones are: Telavi, Kvareli and Akhmeta districts.
- White grape variety, which was one of the most common in Kakheti, but after the spread of diseases, its plantations declined sharply. From it an excellent pitcher wine is made, with a strong, characteristic and distinctive aroma.
- Georgian red grape vine variety. Originally from southern Georgia, but most common in Kakheti, where it gives the best results.
- Used to make dry, semi-sweet and rosé wines. From Saperavi we can make strong, high-acid, high-alcohol, dark-colored and well-tanned wine. Along with tannins and dyes, Saperavi has its varietal, distinctive aromas, with which it is always familiar and which makes it unique.